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Somajul…

Iata un articol foarte interesant despre somaj, din Evenimentul Zilei,Flag of the International Labour Organization.... care m-a pus pe ganduri:

Scenariu sumbru pe piața muncii: 75 de milioane de ȘOMERI TINERI, în 2012

Se arata, printre altele, ca:

„În acest an, numărul tinerilor fără loc de muncă va ajunge la circa 75 de milioane, adică 12,7% din forţa de muncă tânără la nivel global cu vârsta cuprinsă între 15 şi 24 de ani. Asta înseamnă o creştere cu aproximativ 4 milioane faţă de 2007, arată un raport publicat de International Labor Organization (ILO). […]

În 2010, 15,6% din tinerii din Statele Unite nu erau nici angajaţi, nici nu urmau o formă de învăţământ sau de pregătire profesională. În Uniunea Europeană, rata a crescut cu 1,9% faţă de nivelul din momentul pre-criză de 10,9%, şi a depăşit 15% în Bulgaria, Italia, Irlanda, Letonia, România şi Spania.”

Recomand citirea integrala si in original a intregului articol.

mai 22, 2012 Posted by | Uncategorized | , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | 5 comentarii

Despre condamnarea Iuliei Timosenko. Pozitia lui Putin

Despre evenimentele din Ucraina legate de Iulia Timosenko au emis pareri interesante atat reprezentanti ai Puterii de la noi, cat si ai Opozitiei noastre. Iulia Timosenko, fost premier ucrainean, este condamnata la 7 ani inchisoare pentru savarsirea de abuz in serviciu in cazul semnarii unor contracte in domeniul gazelor cu Rusia, in 2009.

Sa vedem ce ne informeaza Mediafax:

BIOGRAFIE: Iulia Timoşenko, doamna de fier a Ucrainei, la închisoare

Iulia Timoşenko a fost condamnată la şapte ani de închisoare pentru abuz de putere – VIDEO

Viktor Yanukovich

Image via Wikipedia

Toata treaba asta e extrem de controversata. Se stie ca in 2010 Timosenko l-a acuzat pe actualul presedinte Viktor Ianukovici de frauda electorala. Mai exact de faptul ca a falsificat rezultatul alegerilor, mergand pe clasica formula „Ianukovici nu e presedintele meu”. De asemenea Timosenko a fost impotriva Acordurilor de la Harkov deoarece, in viziunea sa, acestea lezau interesele nationale ale Ucrainei. Mai mult decat atat: ea a acuzat pe „multi dintre vecinii Ucrainei” pentru ca se fac a nu vedea cum Ianukovici stranguleaza democratia in Ucraina. Ea crede ca Ucraina se poate intoarce pe calea democratiei numai datorita unei societati civile active si cu sprijinul comunitatii internationale.

Apropo de Acordurile de la Harkov, cred ca este foarte interesant ce ne spune Wikipedia:

Criticism

According to former Ukrainian Prime Minister Yulia Tymoshenko the agreement violates part of the Ukrainian Constitution, which forbids the country from hosting foreign military bases after 2017.[13] The Chairman of the Ukrainian Constitutional Court said on 23 April that only the President and the Cabinet of Ministers can request a court ruling on constitutionality.[23]Our Ukraine called for the impeachment of President Yanukovych for violating the Ukrainian Constitution.[24]

Prime Minister Putin opined that the price Russia was asked to pay was exorbitant and remarked, „No military base in the world is worth that much money. We could build several such bases for that amount.”[25] Boris Nemtsov, former leader of the Union of Right Forces, said that Russia needed the Black Sea fleet in Crimea for war with Georgia and asked rhetorically if war with Georgia was worth $40 billion.[26] ” (subl.mea)

Vladimir Putin, si nu numai el, dupa cat se vede, pare destul de nemultumit de toata afacerea asta… Adevarul e ca suma e colosala: 40 miliarde de $!!!!! Dar asta s-a intamplat in 2010. Sa vedem ce s-a intamplat in 2009, apropo de acuzatiile aduse Iuliei Timosenko. Iata ce relateaza Wikipedia:

2009 Russia–Ukraine gas dispute

Vladimir Putin a declarat ca „nu prea intelege de ce ea a luat acesti sapte ani”. Deosebit de interesant mi s-a parut acest articol din Kyiv Post, in legatura cu declaratiile lui Putin despre aceasta condamnare a Iuliei Timosenko:

Putin: Tymoshenko verdict unfair

Yulia Tymoshenko with Vladimir Putin

Image via Wikipedia

Putin a declarat ca toate intelegerile dintre Ucraina si Rusia, pe tema gazului, si care, chipurile, ar fi fost motivul sentintei de marti, au fost absolut legale. Putin a mai spus ca Timosenko nu a semnat nimic: contractele au fost semnate la nivel de entitati economice, si anume intre Gazprom si Naftogaz (compania nationala de petrol si gaze din Ucraina). Putin a mai declarat ca un lucrul principal si important il reprezinta faptul ca aceste contracte sunt totalmente in conformitate cu legile Rusiei si Ucrainei, cu regulamentele si standardele internationale. In legatura cu orientarea pro-Occidentala a Iuliei Timosenko, Putin a facut o declaratie, dupa parerea mea, surprinzatoare, spunand ca nu s-au schimbat prea multe in Ucraina.

Yulia Tymoshenko meeting Hillary Rodham Clinto...

Image via Wikipedia

Mie mi se pare ca Vladimir Putin este iritat de condamnarea Iuliei Timosenko, pe motivul ca s-ar fi semnat, pe vremea cand ea era prim-ministrul Ucrainei, contracte privind gazele cu Rusia. Practic, motivul ar parea ca aceste contracte s-au semnat cu Rusia. Poate ca daca s-ar fi semnat cu altcineva ar fi fost mult mai bine… Dupa parerea mea, e clar ca Putin e deranjat de un asemenea motiv pentru condamnarea Iuliei Timosenko… Articolul din Kyiv Post, citat mai sus, subliniaza ca:

„In comments on Tymoshenko’s pro-Western attitudes, Putin argued that Russia and Ukraine would be more competitive if they had closer mutual economic ties.

„That means bigger advantages. I’m not talking about politics, I’m talking about pure economic pragmatism, the economic side of the matter. But that is undoubtedly always the sovereign choice of the other side, Ukraine in this case. By the way, today’s leadership, as we can hear from public speeches, in effect sticks to the same point of view, there’s little that has changed there,” Putin said.”

Citez si din Wikipedia despre reactiile pe plan extern ce au urmat condamnarii Iuliei Timosenko:

Foreign reactions

THE KREMLIN, MOSCOW. The meeting of the Russia...

Image via Wikipedia

In August 2011 United States and European Union officials called the persecution of Tymoshenko „selective prosecution of political opponents”.[231] According to Russia the 2009 natural gas agreements „were signed on the basis of the necessary instructions from the Russian and Ukrainian Presidents„, it also did urge Ukraine to ensure an impartial trial.[244]

After the verdict in the 2009 natural gas deal European Union High Representative for Foreign Affairs Catherine Ashton stated the verdict showed justice in Ukraine was being applied selectively in politically motivated prosecutions and that the Ukrainian Government handling of the case risked deep implications for its hopes of EU integration.[21][245] Other reactions from European Union politicians had a similar tone.[246] The Russian Foreign Ministry stated the ruling had an „obvious anti-Russian subtext”[21] and Russian Prime Minister Vladimir Putin commented about the ruling „I can’t quite understand why she got those seven years”.[247] A statement by the White House stated the charges and conduct of the trial has raised serious concerns about Ukraine’s commitment to democracy and the rule of law and urged Ukraine to release Tymoshenko, as well as other political leaders and former government officials.[248] United Nations Secretary General Ban Ki-moon expressed concerns over the conviction.[249] Amnesty International called for the immediate release of Tymoshenko.[250] ” (subl.mea)

Se mai arata ca:

Yulia Tymoshenko in Aachen

Image via Wikipedia

„Early July 2011 Ukrainian security service opened a new criminal investigation into alleged non-delivery by United Energy Systems of Ukraine (in 1996) of goods to Russia for $ 405 million (this criminal case was closed in the autumn of 2005 years by reason of lapse of time).[233]

On 5 August 2011 Tymoshenko was arrested for ‘ridiculing court proceedings’.[231]In jail Tymoshenko was reported to develop a „mysterious ailment”.[234] According to Ombudsman Nina Karpachova she was suffering from throat problems and had a fever.[235] Tymoshenko is being held at Lukyanivska Prison.[235] ” (subl.mea)

Ceea ce ar putea conduce la ideea unei tentative de asasinat politic a Iuliei Timosenko in inchisoare, inainte de exprimarea sentintei.

Sigur, se poate specula pe faptul ca Vladimir Putin a avut o pozitie, fata de acest caz, in consonanta cu cea a Occidentului pentru ca Rusia nu poate sa-si permita ca sa strice relatiile cu Occidentul. De observat si reactia ministrului rus de Externe, care a aratat ca subtextul ar fi unul anti-rusesc.

Bineinteles ca tot ceea ce s-a intamplat este extrem de controversat si pune in pericol democratia din Ucraina. Insa poate fi vorba si de o actiune menita sa intimideze doar actuala Opozitie din Ucraina si s-o discrediteze in ochii electoratului.

Mediafax arata ca:

„Iulia Timoşenko a anunţat că va contesta sentinţa în justiţia europeană şi a făcut apel la luptă împotriva autoritarismului în Ucraina.

„Ne vom lupta pentru a ne apăra reputaţia în faţa instanţelor europene. Trebuie să fim puternici şi să protejăm Ucraina de autoritarism şi de absenţa libertăţii”, a declarat ea, după citirea verdictului.

Aflată în arest preventiv de la 5 august, Timoşenko a fost judecată pentru că a semnat în 2009, fără autorizarea Guvernului pe care îl conducea, acorduri cu Rusia în domeniul gazelor, considerate defavorabile Ucrainei.

Aceste contracte au pus capăt unui conflict între Kiev şi Moscova, care a perturbat grav aprovizionările cu gaz rusesc ale Uniunii Europene.

Parchetul a cerut şapte ani de închisoare împotriva Iuliei Timoşenko, în timp ce apărarea a pledat pentru eliberarea ei, denunţând un proces „politic” şi absenţa unui delict.

Uniunea Europeană, cu care Ucraina speră să semneze un acord de asociere, a criticat în mod repetat aceste acuzaţii şi a avertizat că o condamnare a opozantei ar avea consecinţe negative asupra relaţiilor dintre Kiev şi UE.”

Interesant e ca, dupa cat se pare, Putin nu prea e incantat de evolutiile politice de la Kiev… Cel putin in aparenta… De remarcat ca Ucraina nu a manifestat nicio graba ca s-ar dori printre tarile membre ale Uniunii Euroasiatice (conceptia lui Vladimir Putin) – mai pe larg aici.

Ramane de vazut cum va evolua in continuare situatia politica din Ucraina si relatiile acestei tari cu Uniunea Europeana, dar si cu Rusia. Deocamdata, prin condamnarea Iuliei Timosenko, imaginea Ucrainei in Europa are mult de suferit si relatiile dintre UE si aceasta tara se pot degrada destul de repede.

Off Topic

Iata inca doua stiri interesante pe care le-am citit in Gandul:

Iranul avertizează Statele Unite: „Nu suntem favorabili unei confruntări, dar suntem capabili să răspundem cu o lovitură din care nu se vor mai trezi”

Scrisoarea lui Einstein din 1939, în care omul de ştiinţă vorbeşte despre „abominabilul pericol” nazist, înainte de începerea celui de-al Doilea Război Mondial

octombrie 12, 2011 Posted by | Uncategorized | , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Un comentariu

Libia sub atac!

Iata ce spune BBC:

Coalition launches Libya attacks

In articol se arata printre altele:

„The UK, the US and France have begun attacking Libya as enforcement of the UN-mandated no-fly zone gets under way.

Pentagon officials say the US and the UK have fired more than 110 missiles.

Libyan leader Col Muammar Gaddafi has said he will open arms depots to the people and the interests of Mediterranean countries will be in danger from now on.

Western planes bombed targets in the capital, Tripoli, said the AFP news agency, quoting witnesses and state TV.

Earlier on Saturday, pro-Gaddafi forces attacked the rebel stronghold of Benghazi despite declaring a ceasefire a day earlier.

A French plane fired the first shots against Libyan government targets at 1645 GMT, destroying a number of military vehicles, according to a military spokesman.

UK Prime Minister David Cameron confirmed that British planes are in action over Libya.

US President Barack Obama, speaking during a visit to Brazil, said the US was taking „limited military action” as part of a „broad coalition”.

„We cannot stand idly by when a tyrant tells his people there will be no mercy,” he said.

He repeated that no US ground troops would take part.

Shortly after the bombing started, a Libyan official went on TV to denounce the „barbarian aggression”.

Col Gaddafi himself made a brief speech on Libyan radio, calling on people to resist.”

Recomand a fi citit tot articolul cu atentie!

Citim pe Mediafax:

ÎNCEPE RĂZBOIUL? SUA şi Marea Britanie au lansat un prim val de rachete în Libia. Kadhafi ameninţă că va ataca obiective civile şi militare – VIDEO

ÎNCEPE RĂZBOIUL? Mai multe blindate, distruse de avioanele franceze în Libia. Ce ţări mai vor să participe la acţiunile militare – VIDEO

Forţele coaliţiei pentru operaţiunile militare din Libia

Presa oficială libiană susţine că atacurile aeriene au vizat „obiective civile”

Kadhafi: Parisul, Londra şi ONU vor regreta orice ingerinţă în Libia

Un articol interesant in The New York Times:

U.S. Missiles Strike Libyan Air-Defense Targets

This article is by DAVID D. KIRKPATRICK, STEVEN ERLANGER and ELISABETH BUMILLER.

Iata ce arata, printre altele:

„President Obama, speaking during a visit to Brazil, reiterated promises that no American ground forces would be used. “I am deeply aware of the risks of any military action, no matter what limits we place on it,” he said. “I want the American people to know that the use of force is not our first choice, and it’s not a choice that I make lightly. But we can’t stand idly by when a tyrant tells his people that there will be no mercy.” „

si:

„There are political risks, though. One widely held concern is the possibility of a divided Libya with no clear authority, opening the door for Islamic extremists to begin operating in a country that had formerly been closed to them. And while the cooperative military mission was clear punitive measure against Mr. Qaddafi’s attacks on the Libyan opposition, there have been few penalties so far for allied Arab governments in Bahrain and Yemen that have violently cracked down on their own protest movements. „

De asemenea arata ca:

„Admiral Gortney cast the United States as the “leading edge” among coalition partners in the opening phase of attacks on Libya. But in keeping with Mr. Obama’s and Mrs. Clinton’s emphasis that the administration was not driving the efforts to strike Libya, he and other Pentagon officials repeated that the United States would step back within days and hand command of the coalition to one of European allies.

The United States has at least 11 warships stationed near the coast of Tripoli, including three ballistic missile submarines — the Scranton, the Florida and the Providence — and two destroyers, the Stout and Barry. All five fired cruise missiles on Saturday, the admiral said. Other coalition ships in the Mediterranean included 11 Italian ships, one French ship, one British ship and one Canadian ship.

Earlier Saturday, Colonel Qaddafi issued letters warning Mr. Obama and other leaders not to use military force against him.

The tone of the letters — one addressed to Mr. Obama and a second to Mr. Sarkozy, Prime Minister David Cameron of Britain and Secretary General Ban Ki-moon of the United Nations — suggested that Colonel Qaddafi was leaving himself little room to back down.

“Libya is not yours. Libya is for all Libyans,” he wrote in one letter, read to the news media by a spokesman. “This is injustice, it is clear aggression, and it is uncalculated risk for its consequences on the Mediterranean and Europe.

“You will regret it if you take a step toward intervening in our internal affairs.”

Colonel Qaddafi addressed President Obama as “our son,” in a letter that combined pleas with a jarring familiarity. “I have said to you before that even if Libya and the United States enter into war, God forbid, you will always remain my son and I have all the love for you as a son, and I do not want your image to change with me,” he wrote. “We are confronting Al Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb, nothing more. What would you do if you found them controlling American cities with the power of weapons? Tell me how would you behave so that I could follow your example?””

Foarte interesant articolul! Il recomand a fi citit integral cu atentie.

Interesant de citit pana la capat si acest articol din Le Monde:

Berlin face à ses responsabilités internationales

Iata ce arata printre altele:

„Au-delà de ces explications conjoncturelles, la prudence allemande relève d’un triple traumatisme. La catastrophe nucléaire au Japon ravive la phobie de l’atome outre-Rhin, dans un pays marqué par les combats des écologistes et convaincu, depuis les catastrophes du XXe siècle, que la science n’est pas forcément synonyme de progrès.

Le pacifisme allemand constitue également un puissant frein à tout engagement extérieur. Il a fallu le massacre de Srebrenica pour que le débat moral sur l’intervention hors de l’Allemagne soit posé, la guerre au Kosovo en 1999 pour que les Allemands fassent de nouveau la guerre hors de leurs frontières, et les attentats du 11 septembre 2001 pour que plusieurs milliers de soldats allemands soient envoyés en Afghanistan, dans le cadre de la coalition internationale. Dès 2003 cependant, le conflit en Irak a montré que Berlin entend le moins possible faire la guerre et y consacrer les efforts nécessaires.

Enfin, les crises de l’euro ont conduit l’Allemagne à faire ce qu’on lui avait juré qu’elle n’aurait jamais à faire : voler au secours des pays européens, mettre en danger la stabilité de sa monnaie, dans un pays qui a connu la ruine financière en 1923 et en 1945, avant de subir le choc de la réunification dans les années 1990.

Il reste que le non-engagement allemand dans l’affaire libyenne est révélateur d’une hésitation qui peut être perçue par les partenaires de la République fédérale comme un manque de solidarité, voire de maturité. L’économie allemande est florissante, sa population est moins frappée que les autres par le chômage, ses entreprises sont à l’offensive sur toute la planète. Mais il ne peut y avoir, d’un côté, la „mondialisation heureuse” pour Deutschland AG et ses salariés, et de l’autre une „mondialisation dangereuse” gérée par ses alliés et dont Berlin ne s’estimerait pas comptable.” (subl.mea)

martie 20, 2011 Posted by | Uncategorized | , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Lasă un comentariu